Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs when there is profound insulin deficiency. It frequently occurs at diagnosis and also in children and youth with diabetes if insulin is omitted, or if insufficient insulin is given at times of acute illness.
It is likely that some children and youth in less-resourced countries, presenting for the first time in DKA, die undiagnosed. Presenting symptoms may be mis-diagnosed as more common illnesses such as pneumonia, gastroenteritis, malaria or typhoid. Even when the correct diagnosis is made, it is sometimes very late, and the child/youth can die, or suffer permanent cerebral damage.
The IDF Life for a Child (LFAC) Program invited supported countries to participate to alert health professionals to the signs and symptoms of diabetes. This leads to swift diagnosis and appropriate management, so that NO CHILD SHOULD DIE OF DIABETES.